Treating addiction is a process and not all addictions are treated the same. When someone makes the leap from casual responsible behavior to irresponsible behavior there is a reason behind it. Many drugs, for example, create an unbearable physical craving for more and more drugs. Whether it was a prescription for a pain pill from a valid injury or it was an illegal drug taken for recreational pleasure most drugs create a craving.
When substance use reaches the point where an individual has a physical craving, takes more of the substance than they attended and continues to use the substance or participate in the activity despite repeated negative consequences, it’s time to seek help for addiction.
In order for an addiction treatment program to be successful, you must understand the problem of an addiction……..
- Drug Abuse
- Alcohol Abuse
- Dual Diagnosis
- Pill Abuse
- Gambling Addiction
- Internet Addiction
- Gaming addiction
- Sexual Addiction
At the heart of any substance or behavioral addiction is the reality that the object of addiction offers a biological, psychological and/or social reward. Effective treatment works with the patient to identify the reward, then structures a program to mitigate the effects, or replace the object with something less destructive. Alternative systems that challenge, engage and satisfy the addict must be developed and implemented, not only for recovery to begin but to “take” to avoid a relapse.
General Information about addiction
People with drug problems might act differently than they used to. They might:
- Spend a lot of time alone
- Lose interest in their favorite things
- Get messy—for instance, not bathe, change clothes, or brush their teeth Be really tired and sad
- Be very energetic, talk fast, or say things that don’t make sense
- Be nervous or cranky (in a bad mood)
- Quickly change between feeling bad and feeling good
- Sleep at strange hours
- Miss important appointments
- Have problems at work
- Eat a lot more or a lot less than usual
People with an addiction usually can’t stop taking the drug on their own. They want and need more. They might try to stop taking the drug and then feel really sick. Then they take the drug again to stop feeling sick. They keep using the drug even though it’s causing terrible family, health, or legal problems. They need help to stop using drugs.
After you take a drug for a while, the feel-good parts of your brain get used to it. Soon, your brain and body must have the drug to just feel normal.
Not everyone who uses drugs becomes addicted. Each person’s body and brain are different. So people react to drugs differently. Your relationships, surroundings, and stress can also make you more or less likely to become addicted.
But how does taking drugs become an addiction?
Our brains want us to repeat things that we need or enjoy—like eating a good meal. That’s why you want to eat more dessert than you know you should. That’s why a little child often shouts “again!” when you do something to make her laugh.
All drugs of abuse excite the parts of the brain that make you feel good. But, after you take a drug for a while, the feel-good parts of your brain get used to it. Then you need to take more of the drug to get the same good feeling. Soon, your brain and body must have the drug to just feel normal. You feel sick and awful without the drug. You no longer have the good feelings that you had when you first used the drug.
What makes people more likely to get addicted to drugs?
Trouble at home. If your home is an unhappy place or was when you were growing up, you might be more likely to have a drug problem. When kids aren’t cared for well, or there are lots of fights, or a parent is using drugs, the risk of addiction goes up.
Mental health problems. People who have mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, or attention deficit disorder are more likely to become addicted. They might abuse drugs to try to feel better.
Trouble in school, trouble at work, trouble making friends. Failures at school or work, or trouble getting along with people, can make life hard. You might abuse drugs to get your mind off these problems.
Hanging around other people who use drugs. Friends or family members who use drugs might get you into trouble with drugs as well.
Starting drug use when you’re young. When kids use drugs, it affects how their bodies and brains finish growing. Using drugs when you are young increases your chances of becoming addicted when you are an adult.
Your biology. Everyone’s bodies react to drugs differently. Some people like the feeling the first time they try a drug and want more. Other people hate how it feels and never try it again.
Does Addiction Run in Families?
Addiction can run in families. If people in your family have addictions, you are more likely to become addicted if you use drugs. It’s like having a greater chance of getting heart disease because your father and many of his relatives have it.
Often many people in a family will have drug problems. It can be a problem that continues for many generations. This can happen whether the family is rich, poor, or in between.
When parents have drug problems, life at home can be very unhappy for the children. This can make them even more likely to become addicted when they grow up.
The good news is that many children whose parents had drug problems do not become addicted when they grow up. The risk is higher but it does not have to happen. And you can protect yourself from the risk by not abusing drugs at all.
Why is it so hard to quit drugs?
Healing from addiction takes time. Making up your mind to stop using drugs is a big step. Being addicted makes you afraid of what will happen if you don’t keep taking the drug. People often won’t try quitting until they’re forced to because it seems too hard.
When you stop using the drug, it upsets your body and brain. You might feel very sick for a while, and feel a very strong need to take the drug. It can be really hard to refuse to use the drug when you feel that bad.
But you don’t have to do it alone. Support groups, treatment programs, and sometimes medicines can help. You’ll meet people who understand what you’re going through, who can give you advice and cheer you on. Counselors can help you find medicines that make you feel less sick and reduce your cravings to use the drug. They can also teach you how to cope with problems without using drugs.
After you’ve stopped using the drug, you still have a lot to do:
You have to relearn how to live without using drugs.
You have to work on the problems your drug abuse caused by your family, your job, your friends, and your money.
You have to stay away from people you used drugs with, and places where you used.
You have to learn what makes you want to take drugs again, so you can avoid or work on those things.
You may also need treatment for problems that led to your drug use, such as depression, anxiety or other mental health problems.
A trigger is anything that makes a person feel the urge to go back to using drugs. It can be a place, person, thing, smell, feeling, or memory that reminds the person of taking a drug and getting high.
A trigger can be something stressful that you want to escape from. It can even be something that makes you feel happy. People fighting addiction need to stay away from the triggers that can make them start using drugs again. Just like people with breathing problems need to avoid smoke and dust.